Attention deficit disorder is a very common occurrence among children. For those who are hyperactive it’s always best to get involved with sports, as they offer many benefits including physical exercise, development of social skills and development of self worth. However not all sports are equal.
To give you a glimpse at how many might be affected as many as 11% of kids between 4 and 17 are hyperactive according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
For kids who suffer from ADHD it’s best to opt for individual sports due to individual focus. Individual sports, such as bjj, offer the opportunity to compete for yourself but still be a part of a team and find ways to relate to teammembers.
“Martial arts training offers mental discipline and physical exercise,” says Dr. Edward Hallowell of Harvard University, a child psychiatrist specializing in learning problems. “It provides kids with an ideal opportunity to master self-control.”
Major benefit of individual sports is the direct interaction between coach and athlete – coach has to be hands on.
“A sport in which kids just run around and let off steam is not going to help a child with ADD, particularly if he’s hyperactive,” she says. “He may get revved up and never rev down again. Better to stick with structured activity.”
It’s much easier for children with ADHD to focus if there are fewer distractions and the coaching is directed specifically at them. If they are playing a sport where the coaching is directed more at the team as a whole, an athlete with ADHD may have a harder time paying attention.
This is why Wrestling, Grappling, Judo, Jiu-jitsu and other Martial Arts and even swimming and track and field make for better options for hyperactive children.
Children with ADHD can benefit from sports just as much as their peers who don’t have the condition if not more.
Children with learning difficulties and behavior problems seem to thrive in the ordered environment of a dojo (self-defense training school). “Martial arts offer a great, calming routine and are very good for helping kids with attention-deficit or hyperactivity disorder focus,” says Eric Small, M.D., the director of the Sports Medicine Center for Young Athletes, in Mount Kisco, New York.
Reitman and colleagues (2001) compared the use of a reward system (tied to sports) to the use of medication. Participants in this study were rated on attentive behavior and disruptive behavior at baseline and then were given tokens for their positive behaviors. The results indicated that under none of the circumstances was medication more effective than behavioral interventions sport provides. In most situations, the combination of both medication and behavioral intervention was the most effective (Reitman et al, 2001).
Armstrong, K., & Drabman, R. (2004). The clinical use of sports skirls tutoring with grade school boys referred for school behavioral problems. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 16, 43-48.
Hennen, L 2006, ‘good sports’, Real Simple, 7, p. 65, MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 14 September 2017.
Hickey, G., Fricker, P. (1999). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, CNS stimulants, and sport. Sports Medicine, 27(1), 11-21.
Kennedy, R 1997, ‘Attention Deficit Disorder’, Sports Illustrated For Kids, 9, 9, p. 48, MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 14 September 2017.
Lullo, C, & Van Puymbroeck, M 2006, ‘Research Update: Sports for Children with ADHD’, Parks & Recreation, 41, 12, p. 20, MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 14 September 2017.
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